America becomes its own nation


On December 16, 1773, it finally came to the Boston Tea Party, at the American separatists sank against the British in Boston over 340 boxes of tea from the British East India Trading Company in the port water. The British responded, inter alia, with the increase of the troops.

In the history of the United States it came from 1775 to the American Revolutionary War. At the Continental Congress, delegates from the thirteen colonies (Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia) decided to transfer military command to George Washington.

History of the USA: Boston Tea Party
The Boston Tea Party initiated the American Revolutionary War
The area already included 16th of the current 50th States of the United States, since Maine (then Massachusetts), Vermont (New York) and West Virginia (Virginia) counted to the area other states and separated only later.

On July 4, 1776, independence was declared by the colonies. In the American Revolutionary War, the Americans received support from France, but to a lesser extent from Spain and the Netherlands. In addition, of course, with numerous immigrants, including numerous Germans.

An important American general was also the Prussian General Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, in whose honor the Steuben Parade is held annually in New York City and Philadelphia.

US History: Bennington Flag
The hated Bennington flag is reminiscent of the eponymous battle
The British fought in addition to their own units with German mercenaries from Hesse, Brunswick and Anhalt-Zerbst. After the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, the British capitulated. In the Peace of Paris (1783), they recognized the thirteen colonies as independent.

On September 17, 1787, the US received its first constitution in Philadelphia. This makes the US Constitution the second oldest in the world (according to the Constitution of the Republic of San Marino). In 1788 it was ratified, replacing the previous Confederation articles.

Chairman of the constitutional Philadelphia Convention was George Washington, who was also the first president of the United States.

1803 bought the United States in the Louisiana Purchase from the French country, which had previously fallen back to France during the French Revolutionary Wars of Spain, which doubles their territory.

There followed years of tensions between the US and the British. In the British-American War (1812 – 1815), however, no side prevailed. In the Oregon compromise (1846), Americans and British agreed on the 49th parallel as the US border with Canada. Otherwise, the United States on foreign policy issues to the Monroe doctrine, which formulated at that time President James Monroe (5th President of the United States, lived from 1758 – 1831) formulated.

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