From the first settlers to today’s USA
Of course, it is hardly possible here to conclude the history of the USA. In the following, however, the most important events in American history are summarized.
The oldest traces of the first Indians go back about 12,000 years in the past. They had immigrated via the Bering Strait to Alaska in North America and gradually spread across the continent.
In the period from 4,000 – 1,000 BC The indigenous peoples already cultivated land, became sedentary and developed art and ceramics. It was already grown corn and you already lived in large clay settlements.
History of the USA: Indians
Native American peoples lived widely scattered throughout North America
The improvement of the hunting technique now with bow and arrow improved the food supply.
The first settlement of Europeans was built in 1565 in St. Augustine in Florida by the Spaniards. The British followed with Jamestown in Virginia in 1607.
The first colonies
In 1620, the pilgrimage ship Mayflower of the Pilgrim Fathers (Pilgrim Fathers) landed in the Plymouth Colony (Massachusetts). Other nations also established colonies in today’s US, such as the Dutch in Nieuw Amsterdam (now New York City, later British in exchange for Suriname) and the Swedes with Fort Christiana (Nya Sverige) in Delaware.
The French also settled very successfully in New France in a large area on the St. Lawrence River. Overall, the French were the strongest competitors of the British and controlled an area that today in Quebec and Ontario in Canada, as well as many of today’s US states of the Midwest and South, included (for example, Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, Mississippi, Louisiana).
Although Spain had Florida, its focus was more on Central and South America.
In Europe 1756 – 1763 the Seven Years War raged, among others, between the British and France. On American soil came at this time to the French and Indian war, which the British could decide for themselves. Although the French had some Indian allies, but ultimately had to give up beaten.
In the Paris Peace of 1763, France lost its territories in North America, except the islands of St. Pierre & Miquelon (which still belong to France today). Spain had supported France and had to leave the Florida to Florida. The British were now in the lead, but the war was costly and the crown needed money.
Taxes (including on tea, sugar and official stamping) in the British colonies were supposed to bolster finances, but there was resistance. With the slogan “no taxation without representation”, the British Parliament was declared ineligible for the now thirteen American colonies.